bare - root roses
Most roses are propagated by budding.
In spring, wild roses are planted.
In summer they are used to insert a bud or “eye” taken from the new rose into a T-shaped slit made in the stem of the wild rose rootstock.
In autumn the roses are piled up for winter protection.
Next spring, after the piled up earth has been removed, the top growth of the original (wild) rootstock plant is cut off. Only a small part of the rootstock and the bud union remain.
The rose starts growing and has to be cut short several times to guarantee a better branching.
In autumn, the roses are lifted, all leaves are removed to keep evaporation as low as possible.
You have now bare root roses without leaves and flowers and without earth.